CHAPTER IV. BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION

 


ARTICLE 1.        ADMINISTRATION, PERMITS, LICENSING AND FEES. 9

4-101.           Title. 9

4-102.           Creation of enforcement agency. 9

4-103.           Permit fees. 9

4-104.           Contractor licensing requirements. 19

4-105.           Board of appeals. 24

4-105.1.       Authority. 24

4-105.2.       Application. 24

4-105.2.1.    Membership of the board. 24

4-105.2.2.    Alternate members. 24

4-105.2.3.    Qualifications. 24

4-105.2.4.    Rules and procedures. 25

4-105.2.5.    Chairperson. 25

4-105.2.6.    Disqualification of member. 25

4-105.2.7.    Secretary. 25

4-105.3.       Notice of meeting. 25

4-105.3.1.    Open hearing. 25

4-105.3.2.    Procedure. 25

4-105.3.3.    Postponed hearing. 26

4-105.4.       Board decision. 26

4-105.4.1.    Resolution. 26

4-105.4.2.    Administration. 26

4-105.5.       Effect on prior ordinances. 26

4-105.6.       Severability. 26

ARTICLE 2.        BUILDING PERMITS FOR DANGEROUS, HAZARDOUS, OR NOXIOUS ACTIVITY. 27

4-201.           Definitions. 27

4-202.           Issuance of building permit. 27

4-203.           Appeals, hearing for dangerous, hazardous or noxious activity permits. 27

ARTICLE 3.        BUILDING CODE OF THE CITY OF ANDOVER.. 28

4-301.           International Building Code incorporated. 28

4-302.           Same; deletions. 28

4-303.           Amendments. 28

ARTICLE 4.        MECHANICAL CODE OF THE CITY OF ANDOVER.. 32

4-401.           International Mechanical Code incorporated. 32

4-402.           Deletions. 32

4-403.           Amendments. 32

4-403.1.       Effect on prior ordinances. 34

4-403.2.       Severability. 34

ARTICLE 5.        PROPERTY MAINTENANCE CODE OF THE CITY OF ANDOVER.. 35

4-501.1.       Title. 35

4-501.2.       Scope. 35

4-501.3.       Intent. 35

4-501.4.       Severability. 35

4-502.           Applicability. 35

4-502.1.       General. 35

4-502.2.       Maintenance. 35

4-502.3.       Application of other codes. 36

4-502.4.       Existing remedies. 36

4-502.5.       Workmanship. 36

4-502.6.       Historic buildings. 36

4-502.7.       Referenced codes and standards. 36

4-502.8.       Requirements not covered by code. 36

4-503.           Enforcing officer(s). 37

4-503.1.       Enforcing officer. 37

4-503.2.       Deputies. 37

4-503.3.       Liability. 37

4-504.           Duties and powers of the building official 37

4-504.1.       General. 37

4-504.2.       Rulemaking authority. 37

4-504.3.       Inspections. 37

4-504.4.       Right of entry. 38

4-504.5.       Identification. 38

4-504.6.       Department records. 38

4-504.7.       Coordination of inspections. 38

4-505.           Approvals. 38

4-505.1.       Modifications. 38

4-505.2.       Alternative materials, methods and equipment. 38

4-505.3.       Required testing. 39

4-505.3.1.    Test methods. 39

4-505.3.2.    Test reports. 39

4-505.4.       Material and equipment reuse. 39

4-506.           Violations. 39

4-506.1.       Unlawful acts. 39

4-506.2.       Order of violation. 39

4-506.3.       Violation penalties. 40

4-506.4.       Abatement. 41

4-506.5.       Hearing. 41

4-506.6.       Appeals. 41

4-506.7.       Cost assessed. 42

4-506.8.       Penalties. 42

4-506.9.       Transfer of ownership. 42

4-506.10.     Construction. 42

4-507.           General provisions. 42

4-507.1.       Scope. 42

4-507.2.       Interchangeability. 43

4-507.3.       Terms defined in other codes. 43

4-507.4.       Terms not defined. 43

4-507.5.       Parts. 43

4-508.           Definitions. 43

4-508.1.       Approved. 43

4-508.2.       Basement. 43

4-508.3.       Bathroom. 43

4-508.4.       Bedroom. 43

4-508.5.       Building official. 44

4-508.6.       Condemn. 44

4-508.7.       Dwelling unit. 44

4-508.8.       Easement. 44

4-508.9.       Exterior property. 44

4-508.10.     Extermination. 44

4-508.11      garbage. 44

4-508.12.     Guard. 44

4-508.13.     Habitable space. 44

4-508.14.     Housekeeping unit. 45

4-508.15.     Imminent danger. 45

4-508.16.     Infestation. 45

4-508.17.     Inoperable motor vehicle. 45

4-508.18.     Labeled. 45

4-508.19.     Let for occupancy or let. 45

4-508.20.     Occupancy. 45

4-508.21.     Occupant. 45

4-508.22.     Openable area. 46

4-508.23.     Operator. 46

4-508.24.     Owner. 46

4-508.25.     Person. 46

4-508.26.     Premises. 46

4-508.27.     Public way. 46

4-508.28.     Rooming house. 46

4-508.29.     Rooming unit. 46

4-508.30.     Rubbish. 46

4-508.31.     Strict liability offense. 47

4-508.32.     Structure. 47

4-508.33.     Tenant. 47

4-508.34.     Toilet room. 47

4-508.35.     Ventilation. 47

4-508.36.     Workmanlike. 47

4-508.37.     Yard. 47

4-509.           General requirements. 47

4-509.1.       Scope. 47

4-509.2.       Responsibility. 48

4-509.3.       Vacant structures and land. 48

4-510.           Exterior property areas. 48

4-510.1.       Sanitation. 48

4-510.2.       Grading and drainage. 48

4-510.3.       Sidewalks and driveways. 48

4-510.4.       Rodent harborage. 48

4-510.5.       Exhaust vents. 49

4-510.6.       Accessory structures. 49

4-510.7.       Defacement of property. 49

4-511.           Swimming pools, spas and hot tubs. 49

4-511.1.       Swimming pools. 49

4-511.2.       Enclosures and covers. 49

4-512.           Exterior structure. 50

4-512.1.       General. 50

4-512.2.       Protective treatment. 50

4-512.3.       Premises identification. 50

4-512.4.       Structural members. 50

4-512.5.       Foundation walls. 50

4-512.6.       Exterior walls. 50

4-512.7.       Roofs and drainage. 50

4-512.8.       Decorative features. 51

4-512.9.       Overhang extensions. 51

4-512.10.     Stairways, decks, porches and balconies. 51

4-512.11.     Chimneys and towers. 51

4-512.12.     Handrails and guards. 51

4-512.13.     Window, skylight and door frames. 51

4-512.13.1.  Glazing. 51

4-512.14.     Insect screens. 51

4-512.15.     Doors. 52

4-512.16.     Basement hatchways. 52

4-512.17.     Guards for basement windows. 52

4-512.18.     Building security. 52

4-512.18.1.  Doors. 52

4-512.18.2.  Windows. 52

4-512.18.3.  Basement hatchways. 53

4-513.           Interior structure. 53

4-513.1.       General. 53

4-513.2.       Structural members. 53

4-513.3.       Interior surfaces. 53

4-513.4.       Stairs and walking surfaces. 53

4-513.5.       Handrails and guards. 53

4-513.6.       Interior doors. 53

4-514.           Handrails and guardrails. 54

4-514.1.       General. 54

4-515.           Rubbish and garbage. 54

4-515.1.       Accumulation of rubbish or garbage. 54

4-515.2.       Disposal of rubbish. 54

4-515.2.1.    Rubbish storage facilities. 54

4-515.2.2.    Refrigerators. 54

4-515.3.       Disposal of garbage. 55

4-515.3.1.    Garbage facilities. 55

4-515.3.2.    Containers. 55

4-516.           Extermination. 55

4-516.1.       Infestation. 55

4-516.2.       Owner. 55

4-516.3.       Single occupant. 55

4-516.4.       Multiple occupancy. 55

4-516.5.       Occupant. 55

4-517.           Light, ventilation and occupancy limitations. 56

4-517.1.       Scope. 56

4-517.2.       Responsibility. 56

4-517.3.       Alternative devices. 56

4-518.           Light. 56

4-518.1.       Habitable spaces. 56

4-518.2.       Common halls and stairways. 56

4-518.3.       Other spaces. 57

4-519.           Ventilation. 57

4-519.1.       Habitable spaces. 57

4-519.2.       Bathrooms and toilet rooms. 57

4-519.3.       Cooking facilities. 57

4-519.4.       Process ventilation. 57

4-519.5.       Clothes dryer exhaust. 57

4-520.           Occupancy limitations. 58

4-520.1.       Privacy. 58

4-520.2.       Minimum room widths. 58

4-520.3.       Minimum ceiling heights. 58

4-520.4.       Bedroom requirements. 58

4-520.4.1.    Area for sleeping purposes. 58

4-520.4.2.    Access from bedrooms. 59

4-520.4.3.    Water closet accessibility. 59

4-520.4.4.    Prohibited occupancy. 59

4-520.4.5.    Other requirements. 59

4-520.5.       Overcrowding. 59

4-520.6.       Efficiency unit. 59

4-520.7.       Food preparation. 60

4-521.           Plumbing facilities and fixture requirements. 60

4-521.1.       Scope. 60

4-521.2.       Responsibility. 60

4-522.           Required facilities. 60

4-522.1.       Dwelling units. 60

4-522.2.       Rooming houses. 60

4-522.3.       Hotels. 60

4-523.           Toilet rooms. 60

4-523.1.       Privacy. 60

4-523.2.       Location. 61

4-523.3.       Location of employee toilet facilities. 61

4-523.4.       Floor surface. 61

4-524.           Plumbing systems and fixtures. 61

4-524.1.       General. 61

4-524.2.       Fixture clearances. 61

4-524.3.       Plumbing system hazards. 61

4-525.           Water system. 62

4-525.1.       General. 62

4-525.2.       Contamination. 62

4-525.3.       Supply. 62

4-525.4.       Water heating facilities. 62

4-526.           Sanitary drainage system. 62

4-526.1.       General. 62

4-526.2.       Maintenance. 62

4-527.           Storm drainage. 63

4-527.1.       General. 63

4-528.           Mechanical and electrical requirements. 63

4-528.1.       Scope. 63

4-528.2.       Responsibility. 63

4-529.           Heating facilities. 63

4-529.1.       Facilities required. 63

4-529.2.       Residential occupancies. 63

4-529.3.       Heat supply. 63

4-529.4.       Occupiable work spaces. 64

4-529.5.       Room temperature measurement. 64

4-530.           Mechanical equipment. 64

4-530.1.       Mechanical appliances. 64

4-530.2.       Removal of combustion products. 64

4-530.3.       Clearances. 64

4-530.4.       Safety controls. 64

4-530.5.       Combustion air. 65

4-530.6.       Energy conservation devices. 65

4-531.           Electrical facilities. 65

4-531.1.       Facilities required. 65

4-531.2.       Service. 65

4-531.3.       Electrical system hazards. 65

4-532.           Electrical equipment. 65

4-532.1.       Installation. 65

4-532.2.       Receptacles. 65

4-532.3.       Luminaires. 66

4-533.           Elevators, escalators and dumbwaiters. 66

4-533.1.       General. 66

4-533.2.       Elevators. 66

4-533.2.       Annual inspection. 66

4-533.3.       Annual inspection fee. 66

4-534.           Duct systems. 66

4-534.1.       General. 66

4-535.           Fire safety requirements. 67

4-535.1.       Scope. 67

4-535.2.       Responsibility. 67

4-536.           Means of egress. 67

4-536.1.       General. 67

4-536.2.       Aisles. 67

4-536.3.       Locked doors. 67

4-536.4.       Emergency escape openings. 67

4-537.           Fire-resistance ratings. 67

4-537.1.       Fire-resistance-rated assemblies. 67

4-537.2.       Opening protectives. 68

4-538.           Fire protection systems. 68

4-538.1.       General. 68

4-538.2.       Smoke alarms. 68

4-538.3.       Power source. 68

4-538.4.       Interconnection. 69

ARTICLE 6.        ELECTRICAL CODE OF THE CITY OF ANDOVER.. 70

4-601.           National electric code incorporated. 70

4-601.1.       ICC Electrical Code Administrative provisions incorporated. 70

4-602.           Amendments. 70

4-603.           Deletions. 71

4-604.           Amendments. 72

4-605.           Effect on prior ordinances. 72

4-606.           Severability. 72

4-607.           Official copies. 72

4-608.           Adoption of Rules and Regulations. 72

ARTICLE 7.        DANGEROUS BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES. 73

4-701.           Purpose. 73

4-702.           Definitions. 73

4-703.           Enforcing officer; duties. 73

4-704.           Procedure; petition. 73

4-705.           Same; notice. 74

4-706.           Same; publication. 74

4-707.           Same; hearing, order. 74

4-708.           Duty of owner. 74

4-709.           Failure to comply. 74

4-710.           Same; make site safe. 75

4-711.           Assessment of costs; finance. 75

4-712.           Immediate hazard. 75

4-713.           Appeals from order. 76

4-714.           Scope of the ordinance. 76

4-715.           Penalty. 76

ARTICLE 8.        MOVING OF STRUCTURES. 77

4-801.           Definitions. 77

4-802.           Application. 77

4-803.           Application fee. 77

4-804.           Crediting of application fees. 78

4-805.           Indemnity bond. 78

4-806.           Procedure. 78

4-807.           Completion time. 79

ARTICLE 9.        NOISE CONTROL. 80

4-901.           Definitions. 80

4-902.           Scope. 81

4-903.           Permissible noise levels-standards. 81

4-904.           Exceptions. 84

4-905.           Violation. 85

4-906.           Variances. 85

4-907.           Right of entry. 86

ARTICLE 10.      WATER CROSS CONNECTIONS. 87

4-1001.        Purpose. 87

4-1002.        Cross connections prohibited. 87

4-1003.        Protective backflow preventers required. 87

4-1004.        Inspection. 87

4-1005.        Protection from contaminants. 87

4-1006.        Incorporation by reference. 87

ARTICLE 11.      BUILDING CODES IN EXTRA TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION.. 89

ARTICLE 12. [RESERVED] 90

ARTICLE 13.      INSURANCE PROCEEDS FUND.. 91

4-1301.        Lien created. 91

4-1302.        Same; encumbrances. 91

4-1303.        Same; pro rata basis. 91

4-1304.        Procedure. 91

4-1305.        Fund created; deposit of moneys. 92

4-1306.        Building official; investigations, removal of structure. 92

4-1307.        Removal of structure; excess moneys. 92

4-1308.        Same; disposition of funds. 92

14-1309.      Effect upon insurance policies. 93

14-1310.      Insurer; liability. 93

ARTICLE 14.      PLUMBING CODE OF THE CITY OF ANDOVER.. 94

4-1401.        Uniform Plumbing Code incorporated. 94

4-1402.        Deletions. 94

4-1403.        Amendments. 94

4-1404.        Effect on prior ordinances. 96

4-1405.        Severability. 97

4-1406.        Official copies. 97

ARTICLE 15.      MANUFACTURED HOUSING CODE OF THE CITY OF ANDOVER.. 98

4-1501.        Title. 98

4-1502.        Definitions. 98

4-1503.        Permits required for installation. 99

4-1504.        Inspections for manufactured homes. 100

4-1505.        Required inspections. 100

4-1506.        Manufactured homes in the city. 100

4-1507.        Existing occupancy. 101

4-1508.        Electrical service. 101

4-1509.        Fuel gas. 102

4-1510.        Alterations and additions to manufactured homes or mobile homes. 102

4-1511.        Manufactured home ground anchors. 103

4-1512.        Manufactured home blocking. 103

4-1513.        Appeals. 104

4-1514.        Other remedies unaffected. 104

4-1515.        Effect on prior ordinances. 104

4-1516.        Severability. 105

ARTICLE 16.      INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTIAL CODE. 106

4-1601.        International Residential Code incorporated. 106

4-1602.        Deletions. 106

4-1603.        Amendments. 106

4-1604.        Copies on file. 111

4-1605.        Adoption of rules and regulations. 111